As you read through the Bible like a book, you discover the relationship between the Creator and Humanity was often tested. A series of covenants emerge that ensure the relationship can continue. The third Bible Covenant was between God and Abraham.
Like Noah’s, the Abrahamic Covenant was given without conditions. God promised to bless humanity whose collective conscience failed to provide the right society. Abraham’s Covenant was controversial in its day and remains as such. Its fruit shows up in our daily news stories even today.
The collective conscience of humanity rebelled against the Creator through the erection of the Tower of Babel. The consequence was forced distribution of families through newly God-given language groups. Migration of humanity went eastward to eventually reach the Pacific Ocean and beyond into the Americas and Oceania. It went westward to reach the Atlantic Ocean. It went southward to fill all of Africa.
The third covenant between God and humanity is known as the Abrahamic Covenant. This covenant also corresponds with the Age of Conscience. It was given to Abraham in Genesis 12:1-3. Fellowship with God was unconditional through promises given to Abraham in covenant.
A Great Nation
The Covenant begins with God promising to make a Great Nation from Abraham’s seed. Abraham was from the general region of the Tower. He was asked to leave that region and by faith look for a new land. God promised that Abraham’s seed would become a great nation where he wandered. The promise was fulfilled through Isaac and through Ishmael. Their descendant races are represented today by the Jewish and Arabic races.
A Great Name
The Covenant continued with its promise of greatness. The natural posterity (Genesis 17:20) and spiritual posterity would elevate Abraham’s name as the Father of Faith (Galatians 3:6-7, 29). He was temporally blessed with flocks and herds and lands (Genesis 13:14-18; 15:18-21; 24:34-35). His name was great among the people of his day.
A Great Blessing
The Covenant concludes with a unique blessing. From Abraham would come the seed promised in the Adamic Covenant. Like Noah, Abraham was given a sign to seal the covenant between God and humanity. The sign was circumcision (Genesis 17:9-14). Creating a new race of humanity, God would judge all other nations (Gentiles) by Abraham’s seed (Jews). How one treats Israel determines a nation’s blessing and curse. This is just as true in the New Testament as the Old Testament (Matthew 25:31-46).
Abraham’s life is a story of faith in action. There were times when he appeared to doubt God’s word but continued to act out the promise. Sometimes you may not “feel” like God’s promises are real. That is when trust in God’s word flames faith to do the impossible (Hebrews 11:17-19).